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Category

Javascript Framework

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JavaScript is fundamental in web designing. It has a long history just like CSS. Browser vendors have had headache for a lot of time in dealing with compatibility issues with JavaScript specifications. Integrating and complying with JavaScript specifications was almost impossible when Internet Explorer was the only recognized browser. At the time, it was the only browser that supported web extensions and any advancement besides the basic HTML structure.

Web pages were plain and boring until development of JavaScript UI framework. Besides the plain designs, compatibility was a major issue with different browsers. It was a problem for everyone; users would get frustrated with the incomplete or messy views on their browsers and browser vendors would lose market because their products simply can’t display what users expect.

Designers also had it rough. As a designer, you had to spend time to make sure your code runs perfectly in every browser. Assuming that most users are on popular browsers would be a mistake. Spending several weeks coding only to display a messy image or poorly fitting graphical image can be discouraging. Web development and design was a tedious exercise.

Besides, designers had to beware of malicious developers using fabricated language to change ownership of code.

jQuery

2006 was a breather for designers. Development of jQuery simplified integration of the scripting language with most browsers. The issue of compatibility with the JavaScript UI framework was addressed with jQuery. Most browser vendors became open to the scripting language idea because there was no issue with display. Users could no longer choose browsers based on type of content or sites they want to access. Additionally, jQuery increased website responsiveness. Developers could also write without worrying about browser compatibility.

AJAX

The technology came after AJAX, which was established in 1996. The framework for enhancing communication between browsers and JavaScript was a product of Internet Explorer. Mozilla was also active at the time because compatibility was a common issue among browser vendors. While it was not advanced like the subsequent developments and frameworks, it was effective at that stage.

However, the features were not fully explored hence the takeover by jQuery. Later in the early 2000s, Google implemented a standardized version of the same technology on Gmail and other products. Considering Google is big and influential in the business industry, using the AJAX technology in most of their web applications created a wave in the industry. Developers became enthusiastic about the frameworks and libraries. There was immense support for AJAX with respect to number of frameworks specified for frontend development.

The increased number of libraries under the Javascript gui framework necessitated independent management for consistency and growth for individual developers. Also, developers had varying objectives in their projects thus the need for independence in choice of a framework. Each framework had to specify the components and target area to simply the frontend design process. The number of libraries and frameworks was also overwhelming that obviously leads to management issues.

Bower

Twitter was the first to launch a package manager to help in defining frontend designs. Bower was developed and launched in 2012. At the time, each JavaScript gui framework was dependent on another to bring out any specific designer idea. The tool by Twitter identified all the download dependencies across the internet. After the Twitter move with the first package manager, several other followed with a common goal of reducing online dependencies in creating registries. Two years later, a central repository was developed for frontend packages. The repository has advanced over the years as more developers with their frameworks subscribe to the services. Today, the central repository hosts at least 350,000 packages.

Before resolving the browser compatibility issue, jQuery was the most popular Html JavaScript. It had control over all web interfaces; all developers had to use the framework for frontend designs. While it lasted with its effectiveness for a while, it missed critical tools for consistent handling of data. Consistency was crucial at the time because frameworks were emerging from all angles and developers were more concerned about a reliable platform that would guarantee consistency in all browsers.

Multiple other frameworks were built alongside HTML JavaScript to handle the compatibility issue. In fact, some of the frameworks that came after jQuery like Ember and Backbone became more popular. This is why Google’s move to endorse and utilize AJAX led to a wave in the industry that jQuery had to adapt to.

AngularJS

In 2010, another HTML CSS JavaScript framework, AngularJS was released. The distinct features that attributed to the fast growth in popularity of the framework were two-way data binding and routing package. The framework also introduced dependency injection where developers could switch between different frameworks depending on stage of their projects. The idea was to enhance the frontend development process in both quality and speed.

Just like with any new HTML CSS JavaScript in the market, AngularJS faced significant complexities in building web projects. Web developers are quick to try out new tools and also quick to drop them if they meet any disappointment. The inconsistencies in AngularJS became frustrating for web developers hence the need to redesign the framework. A new framework, Angular 2, was released in the next few months.