frontend frameworks


A lightweight CSS frameworks for faster and extensible for front-end development. CSS frameworks can helpful for web development. If you have attempted to make web interfaces using a combination of JavaScript, HTML5, and CSS3, you know that it does not take much effort. They have been improved and advanced to make it easier for designers. These days, you may need much help such as to hire a professional to help you design and maintain your website because the features are easy to understand and follow through.

The features are not complex hence easy to complete projects in limited time. Medium and large projects alike need at least one framework to introduce user requirements. It is now possible for a newbie to build and complete high end frontend UI easier and faster without professional help. Since the introduction of professional HTML close to 3 decades, there have been great changes that have taken place to date. Frontend frameworks have shifted immensely and rapidly to allow the growth and inclusion of amazing technologies.


Modern technologies are made up of JavaScript, CSS and HTML. This combination gives the right approach to functional websites that fit the latest demands. Frontend frameworks have therefore evolved since the introduction of these tools in the market with almost 30 years of advancements. Focusing on the latest versions may hinder acknowledgement of the history and evolution of these tools. After the first publication in 1991 by Tim Berners-Lee, only text was supported. This original version could only consist 18 tags before it incorporated CSS five years later.

Later versions, such as the HTML 4.0 supported CSS and gave Internet Explorer the popular and only commercial browser. It supported CSS too and quickly became the recommendable option for the entire globe. Brendan Eich created the Mocha, which was later named LiveScript. This tool was created in a record 10 days and grew to become the popular JavaScript as we know it today. While HTML and CSS are managed by worldwide web consortium (W3C), JavaScript is owned by Ecma International.


This technology did not immediately fit the market as expected. Instead, it had complications reported by various developers. Before CSS design become famous and widely used, it proved complicated and took time before developers could grasp the technicalities involved. The early browsers were also not compatible with the standardized version of CSS and its requirements. As a result, a good website could perform well in one disaster and completely fail in another one creating a huge disaster. At this time, Internet Explorer reigned as the best browser but also suffered poor CSS features like the box model. It needed various attempts to align the CSS design with browsers. Using a series of tests (ACID tests), the Web standards project succeeded in implementing CSS correctly in a browser consequently solving the problem for good. Fixing the problem was necessary because in the end they achieved the best CSS framework.

CSS Frameworks

It was not until the 21st century that mobile CSS framework emerged. The frameworks brought a grid system, which defined the layout of content appropriately. Most importantly, they supported most of the up and coming browsers to give the widest variety of developers and users a great experience.

The generation that followed had so much focus on mobile phones that browsers had to shift their attention and adjust to these demands. The mobile browsers came with the ability to reformat web pages to fit their small screens as well as simplified versions to fit their memory space. The rapidly changing technology quickly transformed phones to allow more browsers, features, and actions operated to resemble the PC. Opera Mobile was the first mobile browser, which passed the ACID2 test and paved the way for many other browsers that we know today.

Smartphone Era

Steve Jobs introduced the first iPhone in 2007, which had the largest screen at the time. Android phones followed suit and brought variety of screen sizes. Since then, the popularity of smartphones has grown beyond control as a huge uptake of Internet ensues. Most businesses have acknowledged the essence of the need to re-design their websites for mobile screens as these are the biggest users around the world. Portable devices access the Internet the most hence a great target audience for businesses. The era of mobile CSS framework had arrived. The immense speed of transformation is unbelievable.

In 2011, best CSS framework was released with the name; Foundation 2.O. It came with an extensive list of predesigned UI elements and grew in popularity among designers. Most designers attempted to take control over the customization of their websites. It comes with templates for emails and many other options, which make it useful and usable by even amateurs and newbies.


The evolution of CSS since its establishment back in the 1990s has been immense. It has allowed tremendous changes to take place in access and development of websites. The latest version is helpful and easy to use even by newbies and amateurs. Most importantly, it is continuously becoming cheaper to build websites by oneself since there is no more need to hire experts and professionals. Advancements are also expected to shed more light on detailed features. Future developers will make amazing graphics with simple rules and minimal requirements.